AIP

Effect of environmental transmission on leprosy incidence in children

Leprosy is a disease included in the neglected disease category which still needs attention because it causes problems. The problems caused by leprosy mainly occur when it was detected too late, resulting in permanent disability, the emergence of this disability often creates social stigma and economic losses. The stigma can reduce the productivity of individuals. Leprosy can also threaten children…

Function of Imperata cylindrica to lower cholesterol levels

Cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are the main causes of death in both developing and developed countries, they are the causes of 20% death in the world per year. Hypercholesterolemia is defined as a high level of cholesterol in the blood, which is a major risk factor for various cardiovascular…

Detection of glucose levels using a fiber coupler

Optical fiber is a waveguide medium or light channel made of transparent material (glass or plastic) and is cylindrical in shape. The smallest diameter of optical fiber made of glass can reach 158 micrometers (one millionth of a meter), while the largest diameter can be more than 1 millimeter (one thousandth of a meter) with…

The differences of T2RS expression as a sensitivity marker of bitter taste

The sense of bitter taste is one of the five fundamental taste senses (besides the taste of sweet, salty, sour taste and umami), which acts as a defence mechanism for the body to avoid consuming toxic and harmful foods to the body. A bitter taste is commonly found in coffee, carbonated drinks, dietary supplements, or…

Psychology as a risk factor for burning mouth syndrome

The term of Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) may still sound strange to the public’s ears, but the symptoms are widespread. This chronic condition is characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth area, especially on the tongue and occurs more frequently in women (with a ratio of 7: 1). Burning Mouth Syndrome is usually experienced…

Managing corporate environmental and financial performance: new insights from government ownership

Sustainable environmental awareness is growing and developing in society. Environmental issues are one of the main topics discussed at G20 Summit held in Osaka-Japan, which also brings this awareness to the international level. Supported by the commitment of world leaders to the Sustainable Development Goals, environmental balance is an integral element of the three components.…

A study on knowledge towards brain death among residents in Indonesia

Criteria in diagnosing death have continued to evolve from century to century, and it helped humans in diagnosing death. Somatic criteria, such as state of decomposition and rigor mortis, are the oldest criteria in diagnosing death in human history. Brain death is a condition in which the brain irreversibly loses its function. Brain death is…

Diversification vs concentrated strategy, which one is more effective to improve firm’s value?

When the company is stagnating, managers will try to find new sources to maintain growth. In this condition, the company is faced with two choices, concentrating on core areas or trying a new line of business that is different from the company’s initial business when it was founded.

Sharia stock resilience facing global crisis

Global financial crisis can affect the financial industry very quickly throughout the world due to the mutual economic linkages between countries. For example, the global financial crisis that occurred in 2008, which resulted in a fall in world stock prices, including Islamic stocks. The financial crisis in 2008 began when Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc., which…

Inhibitory potential of okra fruit extract against chronic periodontitis causing bacteria

Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is an anaerobic Gram-negative bacterium in the oral cavity that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis as a cause of inflammation which can damage the tissue that supports the teeth which can eventually cause tooth loss. P. gingivalis correlated with chronic periodontitis because it has the ability to…

Dental medicine students’ perception on online lectures via video conferencing

The long period of Covid-19 pandemic forced the world of education to rely on digital technology. There are no more conventional classes; all have been replaced by online classes in the form of video conferencing. This sudden change of course has consequences for both lecturers and students. All parties must be ready to improve their digital literacy and online skills to…

Molecular study on pathogenesis and transmission of COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) is a new type of disease caused by the coronavirus that first broke out in the city of Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019. The situation got worsened by the celebration of Chinese New Year on January 25, 2020. COVID-19 is a zoonotic virus, which means that the virus is transmitted from animals…

Mouth sores and inflammatory bowel disease

Autoimmune disease is a condition in which the immune system attacks the body itself. One of the autoimmune diseases that attacks the digestive tract is inflammatory bowel disease, or in medical terms, it is known as Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). IBD consists of two types, namely ulcerative colitis, which occurs in inflammation only in the…

Coconut shell liquid smoke, macrophages, and mouth ulcer

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar levels. In diabetic patients, the wound healing process tends to be slow even if it is only for minor wounds. It occurs due to disruption in the wound healing process, thereby prolonging the inflammatory process that occurs, likewise with wounds that occur in the oral…

Perception of Sweet Taste and Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Taste-sensing mechanisms in the taste buds of the tongue have triggered by chemosensory cells in the intestinal. Intestinal is the crucial interface between food and the human body and can sense tastes in much the same way as the tongue. Chrons disease (CD) patients show an increase in glucose consumption, due to an increase in…

Laser and hyaluronic acid for Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers treatment

In the last decade, there has been a rapid development in the field of medicine, including in the field of dentistry. Technology is used to support the success of treatments, such as the use of lasers for the therapy of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU). So far, drug consumption and topical treatment for recurrent aphthous ulcers…

Meloxicam inhibits the growth of oral cancer caused by benzopiren

Oral squamous cell carcinoma is a type of cancer found in the oral cavity with an incidence of 9.2%. The causes of cavity cancer are very complex, and one of the triggering factors is exposure to chemicals or carcinogens. Benzopirene is a carcinogenic substance that is commonly found in cigarette, car fumes, smoking food. Long-term…

Molecular detection of new type of Escherichia coli in pediatric patients

Diarrhea is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second leading cause of death in infants throughout the world. Some infectious diarrheal diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Bacteria cause about 15% of cases in children, with the most common type being E. coli. Most strains of E. coli are…

Molecular detection of new type of Escherichia coli in pediatric patients

Diarrhea is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second leading cause of death in infants throughout the world. Some infectious diarrheal diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Bacteria cause about 15% of cases in children, with the most common type being E. coli. Most strains of E. coli are…

Creating Sustainable Competitive Advantage in Family Companies

A family business is a form of business that involves some family members in owning or operating the business. Every entrepreneur would want his business to be passed on to his children and grandchildren. However, it turns out that the problem of maintaining the family business is not an easy matter. There is an anecdote…

Right treatments to Burning Mouth Syndrome

This time we will get to know about various kinds of treatments for Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS). Some patients often experience burning and dry mouth complaints making them visit the dentist to relieve these symptoms. This condition has quite complex causes such as age, systemic disease and / or drug consumption. This condition most often…

The effect of maintaining mice sperm quality exposed to dioxin

One of the many pollutants in the Persistent Organic Pollutant (POPs) class can disturb the ecosystem. Many Persistent Organic Pollutants are prohibited because it has toxicity to the biotic ecosystem, including dioxin compounds 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). dioxin compounds 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) also reprotoxic properties, which means it can cause toxicity to the reproductive system, especially male reproduction.…

Fast and accurate Covid-19 diagnosis tool needed

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the latest coronavirus strain, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which first appeared in Wuhan, China in the end of 2019. This disease spreads rapidly to various parts of the world, so it was declared by WHO as a global pandemic. The diagnosis of COVID-19…

The influence of dental caries with general health conditions and toddlers’ daily activities

Oral health is essential, especially for general health. In reality, children have bad habits of consuming sweet foods and drinks and poor dental care. Based on Riskesdas 2018 data, it was noted that the high prevalence of dental caries in Indonesia at the age of 3-4 years. As is known, dental caries can cause disturbances…

The readiness of peer educators to prevent drug abuse

The number of drug abuse among adolescents is increasing and requires innovative efforts. It is time to prevent drug abuse directed at empowering adolescents as agents of change for other adolescents. Adolescents are a unique group and are in a period of self-discovery because they experience many new things, especially in their social environment. It…

Norovirus genotype and identification of children with acute diarrhea and clinical symptoms

Acute diarrhea is still a significant health problem in children in the world, including in Indonesia. However, studies on the causes of acute diarrhea in Indonesia are still limited. Norovirus (NoV) is the leading cause of sporadic cases and outbreaks of acute diarrhea, not only in children but also in adults. It is estimated that…

How do soccer robots recognize the ball?

Football Robot Games are regularly held by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education from year to year through Indonesian Robot Contest (KRI). Several divisions of the robot competition that were contested, one of which was the Indonesian Football Robot Contest (KRSBI) on wheels. Each team that competes must prepare three robots consisting of…

Relationship of D‐dimer with severity and mortality in SARS‐CoV‐2 patients: A meta‐analysis

A new viral pneumonia was first detected in Wuhan, China, and was found to be caused by a novel coronavirus, later identified as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), that has since then caused a pandemic. Previous reports have shown that certain laboratory parameters correlated with disease severity and mortality in SARS‐CoV‐2 infection.1 The…

The nightmare of turnover intention for companies in Indonesia

Turnover intention is more frightening than turnover. Every company expects its employees to work well, the company expects its employees to focus at work by devoting all their abilities, knowledge, expertise and time. The employee’s work will be disrupted when the employee has an intention to move to another place (turnover intention). Turnover intention is…

The role of social media in promoting political participation: The Lebanon experience

Social media, as part of the political experience, is an emerging trend in the sociology of youths and politics. The present study aimed to investigate the dynamic role of social media in the context of promoting political participation in Lebanese society. A quantitative survey method was used to collect the data from the field, and…

Improving green campus competitiveness

In the current era of globalization, universities are required to produce quality and relevant innovations. The Indonesian government tightens regulations related to the environment. This need is a consequence of global competition in the world of higher education. The birth of innovation in an organization cannot be separated from the role of humans in it.…

Identifying determinants of tobacco smoking addiction in rural Indonesian communities

Smoking is a health problem often found in Indonesia especially in rural communities. Previous studies have outlined the causes of smoking behaviour are lack of knowledge, socioeconomic factors, information through media, and stress or negative life-related events. However, majority of those studies were conducted in urban areas. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the determinants…

The effect of Fdi, labor, and wage on regional economic development: a case study

Economic growth is a benchmark to measure the achievement of economic development from one period to the next period. Regional development is an integral part of national development and implemented based on the principle of regional autonomy—the improvement of welfare not only the obligation for the government but also the entire community. Therefore, the government…

The ‘Holier-Than-Thou’ perception bias of business workers and business students in Indonesia

The phenomenon of a ‘holier-than-thou’ perception bias has been found in previous studies. A holier-than-thou bias is a form of social desirability bias, whereby an individual tends to consider themselves more ethical compared to their peers when confronted with an ethical dilemma. Social desirability bias occurs when individuals present a stronger tendency to behave in…

Anti Adherensi power P. gingivalis IgY to Prevent Bacterial Adhesion A. actinomycetemcomitans and F. nucleatum in Epithelial Cells

Chronic periodontitis disease-causing bacteria is the bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), while the bacteria that cause aggressive periodontitis are Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans (A.actinomycetemcomitans). In chronic periodontitis, P.gingivalis was the most common bacteria found with an average of 46% compared to A.actinomycetemcomitans, which was only about 27%. Apart from bacteria A. actinomycetemcomitans, there are other bacteria in…

Obstacles and strategies for development of halal industry in Indonesia

The trend of the halal industry is one of the main topics of conversation in the international business world today. The sale and purchase of halal products reached $ 254 billion and boosted the economy by 1-3% of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in OIC countries. According to the 2019/2020 Global Islamic Economy Report, Indonesia is…

Are you planning to lose weight? Watch out for energy density of your diet

Obesity and overweight have increased very significantly, almost 35% of the world’s adult population has experienced this condition. Obesity is a core component of the metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cancer. To lower the morbidity and mortality rate, intervention and prevention to obesity should be optimized.

Telescopic overdenture as alternative rehabilitation from traffic accidents

Telescopic overdenture is a prosthesis consisting of a primary or inner crown, which is attached to a supporting tooth in the oral cavity, and a secondary or outer crown, that is attached to the denture, which must fit the primary denture. The aim of this case report is to restore function and aesthetics as well…

Analysis of work climate, physical workload, and job stressors with increased blood pressure in construction workers in Pamekasan

Construction workers who work in or run an outdoor working environment will be exposed to excessive heat stress. It will affect the physical workload and stimulate job stressors for individual workers. One of the impacts that occur is changes in physiological responses, such as an increase in blood pressure, and will have an impact on…

Effect of bank performance and macroeconomic conditions on productivity of Islamic banks in Indonesia

More than 300 Islamic banks are operating globally, with a total asset value of more than US $ 1.50 trillion. These banks are projected to continue to proliferate in the countries where they operate due to the increase in the Muslim population, which is predicted to reach 2.3 billion by 2030. Although Islamic finance has…

Combination of seaweed and okra extract for diabetic wounds

Diabetes mellitus is a disease with a high mortality rate due to control dysfunction in glucose levels, damage to protein and lipid metabolism. Hyperglycemia or high blood-glucose level causes an increase of oxidative stress and insulin resistance result in open wounds with long-term healing problems. Frequently, they cause the need of amputation. Wounds are also…

Molecular simulation: the potency of conserved region on E6 Hpv-16 as a binding target of black tea compounds against cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. In 2018, an estimated 0.5 million women were diagnosed with cervical cancer worldwide, and about 0.25 million people died from the disease, which is caused by infection with infectious agents such as Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a DNA virus that has a double-layered capsid…

Does working night shift affect female worker’s health?

The number of workers in East Java Province in 2017 was 20,099,220. The number of male workers was 11,947,824, while that of female workers was 8,151,396 (1). This number was 40.56% of the total workforce in Indonesia. Female workers possess different abilities and physiology from male workers. In fact, they are susceptible to some hazards…

Improving school-age children in vegetable consumption through Think Pair and Share (TPS)

Consuming food with a balanced nutritional menu needs to be familiarized with school-age children. School-age children have a lot of physical activity and rapid physical growth, so it is essential to pay attention to the nutritional content in each food menu consumed. Vegetables and fruit are one of the nutritional needs that are rarely liked…

LAMP, simple, fast, and accurate alternative method of TB diagnosis

Tuberculosis (TBC) is still a serious global health problem. It is estimated that 10 million people are infected with TB every year worldwide. More than 95% of deaths from tuberculosis occur in developing countries. Indonesia is one of the countries with the most TB problems (high burden country)) and was ranked third after India and…

Identification of Sexual Behavior in Community at Risk of Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that commonly associated with malignancy in the oral cavity. Most deaths from head and neck cancer are caused by HPV. The virus can infect the oral cavity due to the sexual behavior of male homosexuals. Based on previous studies, the prevalence of HPV in the oral cavity is more…

The Role of Village Libraries to Improve Information Literacy in Rural Communities

Various efforts have been made to improve the quality of Indonesian society through reading habits. Information literacy movements are also carried out in rural areas. The library also plays its essential role in this activity. Many components involved to improve information literacy, but the results have not been optimal. The news in Kompasiana online states…

Reducing the risk of oral cancer through exercise

Cancer is a deadly disease with a high mortality rate. According to WHO in 2018 there were 18.1 million new cases of cancer with a mortality rate of 9.8 million. Meanwhile, Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) data in 2018 showed that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases had increased compared to data of Riskesdas 2013. The prevalence…

Family size among Tenggerese in Indonesia

Family size can be seen in two perspectives. At the individual (micro) level, family size defines one aspect of one’s family background or environment. In this context, the meaning and value of the family develop in the context of the local community environment. At the social or community level (macro), family size is an indicator…

Nurse knowledge and skill with the speed and accuracy of early warning system

The Early Warning System (EWS) is a detection system used to spot changes in a patient’s worsening condition(Peate, 2014). The EWS has proven to be a beneficial system for detecting patients who are at risk of deterioration in clinical conditions up to the point of death(Peate, 2014). This system aims to assist the clinical staff…

Discharge planning of STEMI patients by multidisciplinary professionals

Patient discharge planning refers to an activity that facilitates the transfer of the clients to other health care facilities safely and smoothly in order to maintain the continuity of the service provided. Patient discharge planning includes any education and special skills training that the clients and their families may need. The knowledge and attitudes of…

Early marriage tradition: Individual or social influence?

Marriage is an event of happiness and it becomes a social demand to someone reaching a certain age. However, determination of suitable age of a person for marriage varies. Some communities understand about the regulations according to law no 16 of 2019 which stipulates that the minimum age of marriage is at least 19 years.…

Identification of nursing problems in hospitalized diabetes mellitus patients

Type 2 diabetes mellitus involves a complex diagnosis and requires complex care. Type 2 diabetes constitutes 90% of all diabetes. Diabetes burdens patients and society in the form of medical expenses, loss of income, premature death and non-material burdens in the form of decreased quality of life. Diabetes and its complications incur huge economic losses…

Epidemiology of Children with Severe Dengue Infection in Dr. Soetomo Hospital

Dengue virus infection is still a significant health problem in Indonesia. Every year there are many sufferers of dengue virus infection at various levels. The highest number of deaths occurs in patients with a severe degree. In the 2009 dengue guidelines issued by WHO, it is stated that severe dengue infections consist of patients with…

Predictive model for bacterial late-onset neonatal sepsis in a tertiary care hospital in Thailand

Sepsis or severe infections in newborns is one of the biggest causes of death in children. The overall mortality rate of sepsis in newborns reaches 18%. Sepsis can be caused by germs or bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. The most significant focus is on sepsis because of bacteria or germs. The diagnosis of sepsis requires…

Prognostic factors of severe dengue infections in children

Dengue disease is still a major health problem in Indonesia. According to the 2009 Guidelines, Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease and caused by one of four serotype dengue viruses. Severe dengue is characterized either by plasma leakage, fluid accumulation, respiratory distress, severe bleeding, or organ impairment. Understanding the prognostic factors in severe dengue will…

Acoustic trauma after gunshot exposure in students of Sekolah Polisi Negara (SPN)

Acoustic trauma is an injury to the inner ear that’s often caused by exposure to a high-decibel noise. This injury can occur after exposure to a single, very loud noise or from exposure to noises at significant decibels over a more extended period of time. Shooting exercise is a curriculum at Sekolah Polisi Negara (SPN).…

Rotavirus infection during diarrhea outbreaks among children in Indonesia

Children are an asset to the future of the nation, thus their health should be the priority of parents ‘ attention. In Indonesia, the most widespread diseases infect children include malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory tract disorders. In comparison, diarrhea is a disease with the highest mortality rate of children. Diarrhea itself has a very diverse…

Prevalence of stunting among 10-year old children in Indonesia

Stunting is still a nutritional problem in Indonesia, and it can be defined as a delay in growth in children compared to their age. In 2018, the stunting rate in Central Sulawesi reached 30.8% and still far from the standard percentage rate set by the World Health Organization (WHO), which is 20%. Non-exclusive breastfeeding, low…
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